The 33rd round of the Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) took place between January and March 2022, against a backdrop of continued macroeconomic and political instability, persistent food insecurity and malnutrition. The FSMS assessment aims to track and analyze trends in food availability, access and use; assess the food security situation of displaced and refugee households; and highlight vulnerable geographic areas. This vulnerability information enables well-informed decision-making processes for the design of WFP programs and for targeting/profiling purposes and provides evidence for the expansion of future assistance programs. The FSMS is also a major source of data for the Sudan Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) and the Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).
The questionnaire included household-level information on demographics, housing, assets, basic services, livelihoods, expenditures, coping strategies, and food source and consumption. Additional information was collected on children’s health and feeding practices as well as WFP assistance.
During this FSMS cycle, data was collected from approximately 14,300 IDP and refugee households at 135 sites in 13 states. Results are representative of IDP and refugee households at camp cluster level (approximately 3 camps per cluster). The survey design followed a two-stage stratified cluster sampling methodology (purposive sampling followed by random sampling), in which samples were stratified by states and clusters. Sampling involved the use of sentinel sites, which are revisited in turn, with randomly selected households. The limitations of the sample are that it does not include urban observations in Khartoum.